• http://www.bowlabels.com/How to Make Wine Labels If you make your own wine, or simply want to spruce up a wine bottle for a party, you can make wine labels with two Microsoft programs: Microsoft Office and Microsoft Publisher. These programs allow you to customize your own wine labels with text and graphics. Impress your guests with your own bottle of wine customized to suit the theme of the party. Designing your own wine labels is simple after you familiarize yourself with the basics of these programs. Open the Microsoft Publisher Catalog. Choose "Labels" and then select "Borders Shipping Label." You will see a button that says "Start Wizard." Select this option, and then choose "Finish." Select the "Business Name" box and hit delete on your keyboard. You will also need to delete the line under the box, and the business logo. If you do not know where the delete button is on your keyboard, simply right-click on each object and select "Cut." Use the "Label Wizard" box on the left side of your screen. Choose the "Color Scheme" for your wine label. Choose the "Primary Business Address" box and change the text with the font options located on the tool bar. You can add any text in this box that you will want displayed on the wine label. Try changing the size, color and style of the text to suit the theme of your wine bottle. Once you change the text in the "Primary Business Address" box, select the "Mailing Address" box and elect to change the text. Use the "Text Frame" tool to add any additional text. Select each box and drag it to the center of your wine label. Insert a picture to your label by selecting the "Insert" menu, selecting "Picture" and clicking "Clip Art." In the search box you can look for clip art to match your wine bottle. Select the image you want, and click "Insert Clip Art." You can change the size of the clip art by dragging any of the corners to resize the image. Print the wine labels on sticker paper. Select "Print" from the "File Menu." Once the label prints, cut it out with scissors and stick it on to your bottle. Make Wine Labels with Microsoft Word Step 1 Open a new document in Microsoft Word. When the "New Document" window opens, select "Labels" on the left side of the box and choose "Mailing and Shipping" and then click "Business Labels." Select the appropriate size label for your wine bottle. Step 2 Highlight the text on each label and hit the backspace or delete button on the keyboard. Use the "Tool Bar" to add your own text. You can experiment with the size, color and font style of your text. Step 3 Choose the "Insert" tab located on the toolbar. Select to insert a "Picture" or "Clip Art." When you select to insert a picture, you will need to locate it on your computer. Once you select to insert clip art, a search box will appear on the right side of the screen. Type any keywords to find the appropriate clip art for the wine label. Step 4 Use the "Insert" tab to add more details to your wine label. You can add another text box, draw a shape and even add a border and background color to your label. Step 5 Select "Print" from the "File Menu." Select "Properties" and ensure that you print the label in the highest quality. Once the label prints, cut it out with scissors and stick it onto your wine bottle. Automated Data Labeling vs Manual Data Labeling: Optimizing Annotation Accurately labeled datasets are the raw material for the machine and deep learning revolution. Vast quantities of data are required to train new generations of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Correctly labelled images train AI systems to reliably distinguish between a stop sign and pedestrian or between a raised hand and a raised gun. Demand for data labeling for vision-based machine learning is therefore growing rapidly. AI developers increasingly need larger training datasets that maintain the accuracy that is so vital for safety and reliability. How do we go about creating the accurate, scalable datasets that industry needs? To begin answering this question we first need to consider automated data labeling vs manual data labeling. The differences between these approaches to data labeling point the way forward for smart dataset creation. Automatic Data Labeling: Machines Training Machines Automatic data labeling processes have the potential to overcome some of the challenges presented by the laborious annotation cycle. After training from a labeled dataset, a machine learning model can be applied to a set of unlabeled data. The model should then be able predict the appropriate labels for the new dataset. Automated data labeling algorithms can be improved via human input. After the AI has labeled the raw data, a human annotator reviews and verifies the labels. Accurately labeled data can then take its place in the training dataset. If the annotator observes mistakes in the labeling they can then proceed to correct it. This corrected data can then also be used to train the labeling AI. The Auto-label AI is capable of handling the majority of easily identified labels. This has the advantage of greatly speeding up the initial labeling stage. However, automated data labeling still produces a significant amount of errors that could prove costly when fed through to an AI model. Manual Data Labeling: The Human Touch Manual data labeling generally means individual annotators identifying objects in images or video frames. These annotators comb through hundreds of thousands of images hoping to construct comprehensive, quality AI training data. Specific labeling techniques are applied to the raw data depending on the needs of the developer. These techniques include: Bounding box annotation: A rectangle is drawn around the object in the image allowing an AI to recognise/avoid it. This technique is more common due to its relative simplicity and is therefore more cost effective. Polygon annotation: In this case the annotator is required to plot vertices around an object in order to more accurately capture its shape. Semantic segmentation: This is a technique used for grouping together objects in an image e.g. separating roads from buildings. This type of labeling is more precise and therefore more difficult. Manual data labeling has the potential to be somewhat labour intensive. Each instance of labeling may take seconds but the multiplicative effect of thousands of images could create a backlog and impede a project. This is why many AI developers are opting to use professional data annotation services, such as Keymakr, to produce their machine learning datasets. A managed workforce of experienced annotators is able to scale manual data labeling to the demands of any project. Significant advancements have been made with automated labeling algorithms. However, well-trained human annotators remain the go-to when it comes to precision and quality in training datasets. Manual labeling is able to capture the edge cases that automated systems continue to miss, and knowledgeable human managers are able to ensure quality across huge volumes of data. Requirements for the Art merit badge: Discuss the following with your counselor: What art is and what some of the different forms of art are The importance of art to humankind What art means to you and how art can make you feel Discuss with your counselor the following terms and elements of art: line, value, shape, form, space, color, and texture. Show examples of each element. Discuss with your counselor the six principles of design: rhythm, balance, proportion, variety, emphasis, and unity. Render a subject of your choice in FOUR of these ways: Pen and ink, Watercolors, Pencil, Pastels, Oil paints, Tempera, Acrylics, Charcoal Computer drawing or painting Do ONE of the following: Design something useful. Make a sketch or model of your design. With your counselor's approval, create a promotional piece for the item using a picture or pictures. Tell a story with a picture or pictures or using a 3-D rendering. Design a logo. Share your design with your counselor and explain the significance of your logo. Then, with your parent's permission and your counselor's approval, put your logo on Scout equipment, furniture, ceramics, or fabric. With your parent's permission and your counselor's approval, visit a museum, art exhibit, art gallery, artists' co-op, or artist's workshop. Find out about the art displayed or created there. Discuss what you learn with your counselor. Find out about three career opportunities in art. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you. posted an update 7개월, 1주전

    http://www.kagemink.com/Advantages Of Screen Printing With Water-Based Inks

    Although plastisol inks have come a long way in the sense that the vast majority are phthalate-free nowadays, they are still not the most eco-friendly option. Plastisol ink is made by mixing PVC resin and plasticizer together. We won’t go too much into the chemistry here, but as you’re probably aware, anything plastic-based isn’t great for the environment. Water-based inks are much more eco-friendly because they are completely PVC free and, hence the name, water-based; i.e., they have a solvent base consisting of water. They’re about as environmentally-responsible as you can get in this business.

    If you want to up the environmentally-conscious-ante even more, check out our Eco-Friendly Shirts page for info. There, you’ll discover options for finding the right eco-friendly shirt for your project.

    2. SOFT HAND

    This is just industry jargon for the feel of the print. It means that the print feels soft against your hand. In fact, once a shirt printed with our water-based ink is washed, you can’t feel the print on the shirt. The next time you order shirts and want a soft print, use this term instead of feeling like you’re at the mechanic trying to replicate the noise your car is making.


    Due to the fact that water-based inks dye the fabric instead of sitting on top of the fabric, as is the case with plastisol, we can hold much finer details. In addition to finer detail, the edges of prints are much sharper as well. If you’re like us and salivate over small details in a t-shirt print, water-based inks are definitely up your alley. If you’re in the camp of ‘Nah, that’s weird,’ you can at least rest assured that we really care about the details of the printed shirts that we put out.


    Water-based prints are insurmountably more durable than plastisol prints. Chances are, you have an old shirt laying around that looks cracked and faded from washing it so many times. That, unfortunately, is somewhat just the nature of the beast when it comes to plastisol inks. Of course, proper printing, curing, etc. from any professional printer and proper washing care on your end can help combat that. But, the longevity of plastisol inks will never compare to that of water-based inks. Because these inks dye the fabric, the print actually becomes part of the shirt. That means as long as the shirt holds up, so will the print.


    You read that right. We offer a FREE upgrade to water-based ink on any order you place. Keep in mind, these inks can be finicky on certain fabrics. We’ll let you know if the garment you want doesn’t play well with water-based inks.

    Along with getting a free upgrade, printing with water-based inks can sometimes save you from paying for another color. If you’ve ordered shirts in the past, you may know that an underbase is required when printing plastisol on dark garments. If you’re unsure about what an underbase is and why it’s necessary, you can read up on it here. In short, if you want dark shirts and you go with water-based inks, you’ll be able to save on the extra screen required for a plastisol underbase.

    All About Printer Ink: Everything You Need To Know

    Ink. We need it, we love it. But you’ve got questions about printer ink. We’ve got answers all about ink. Here’s everything you need to know about printer ink, (but were afraid to ask)!

    A (Very) Brief History Of Ink
    Ink was created so man could leave a record of his thoughts and ideas. Ink has come a long way from the sooty drawings found on cave walls. Indians were known to use ink in 4th century BC made from burnt bones, pitch, and tar. There is also evidence of ink being used by ancient Chinese civilizations dating back to 256 BC. These early Chinese inks were made from fish glue.

    Today, carbon black is still used in the production of many black inks. But the process is far from simple, and it’s getting more complicated all the time. Ink and toner cartridges are designed for each specific printer model. HP claims it spends $1 billion every year on researching and developing ink and toner.

    The Difference Between Water And Oil Based Polyurethane

    How Many Types of Finish Are Out There?

    Today, we can roughly divide the floor finishing products into three major groups. First, there are the surface finishes which form a protective film on top of the wood– shellac, varnish, lacquer. The second group consists of penetrating oils and sealers represented by the likes of linseed and tung oils. Third are the wax finishes which are popular among those who prefer more natural solutions with low toxicity.

    What Is Polyurethane?
    Now at some point, you may have heard the term ‘polyurethane finish’ … Wait, what? I thought there were only three types?

    Polyurethane isn’t really a type of finish but rather an ingredient which, after sufficient drying, forms a plastic resin on the surface of the wood. Thanks to their superior qualities, polyurethane based lacquers and varnishes have become the most popular type of finish today. Shellac, for example, being a natural product, is completely overshadowed and is now used mostly in conjunction with wax by those who prefer natural alternatives.

    There are two major types of polyurethane finish. Oil and water based. What are cons and pros of each and in what scenario you should choose one over the other?

    Oil-Based Polyurethane


    Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder they say. It’s all subjective. Oil based poly offers more colour depth and shine. However, over time, oil poly tends to darken, thus becoming yellow. Some people like that and others don’t. This particular feature can make oil based polyurethane unsuitable for certain stain types. If for example, you want a grey stained surface, an oil polyurethane finish will turn yellow with age and ruin the colour.


    Oil-based polyurethane is more durable than his water-based alternative since it contains a significant amount of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Those chemicals make the finish tougher and allow it to last longer. It will need fewer re-applications over the years compared to the water-based version and also offer slightly better resistance to scratches, heat and moisture.


    Oil-based polyurethane is cheaper than water-based by a good margin. It will also provide a longer lasting protection which will cut the costs even more.

    Here is another detail. It takes more coats of water based poly to reach the same level of toughness compared to the solvent based. If for example, you apply 3 solvent coats, you’ll need 4 or 5 water based to get the same level of protection. Since you will need more waterborne finish to cover the same surface this will be naturally reflected in the costs.


    Most floor finishing products contain a certain amount of Volatile Organic Compounds. Water-based poly has low VOC content, while oil, also known as solvent based poly has particularly high concentration of those. The quote below is taken from solvent based poly data sheet:

    Repeated and prolonged exposure to solvents may lead to permanent brain and nervous system damage. Eye watering, headaches, nausea, dizziness and loss of coordination are signs that solvent levels are too high. Intentional misuse by deliberately concentrating and inhaling the contents may be harmful or fatal.

    It sounds scary, right? Yes, those chemicals could be dangerous but the good news is the majority of them are released as fumes during installation and a few weeks after. Oil based polyurethane has a very long curing time. After 48 hours you can walk upon the floor normally with shoes, after 4 days you can move furniture but in order to be safe from the fumes you need around a month.

    Now here is the bad part. VOC off-gassing can continue long after the finish has dried. How long depends on the type and concentration of the finish but there are registered cases of it lasting for months or even years. Mind, those off-gasses are supposed to be extremely weak and not having any health impact. However, what will be the effect if you are exposed to this for months and even years? It’s really hard to say and we’re no doctors to give an opinion on this. Whatever the truth, it is undeniable fact that polyurethane products are allowed by the authorities if they follow certain regulations.

    Liquid water is a dynamic polydisperse branched polymer

    In contrast to ice, in which each water makes strong hydrogen bonds (SHBs) to four neighbors, we show that upon melting the number of SHBs drops quickly to two in liquid water. These two SHBs couple into chains containing ∼150 waters resembling a branched polymer. The lifetime of each SHB at 298 K is 90.3 fs (11 OH vibrational periods), so the polymer branches evolve dynamically. This dynamics-branched polymer paradigm may explain long-standing puzzles of water, such as the critical point at 227 K in supercooled water (which may correspond to a glass transition caused by an increase in the SHB lifetime). It may explain the observed angular correlations in water that persist for 20 nm.


    We developed the RexPoN force field for water based entirely on quantum mechanics. It predicts the properties of water extremely accurately, with Tmelt = 273.3 K (273.15 K) and properties at 298 K: ΔHvap = 10.36 kcal/mol (10.52), density = 0.9965 g/cm3 (0.9965), entropy = 68.4 J/mol/K (69.9), and dielectric constant = 76.1 (78.4), where experimental values are in parentheses. Upon heating from 0.0 K (ice) to 273.0 K (still ice), the average number of strong hydrogen bonds (SHBs, rOO ≤ 2.93 Å) decreases from 4.0 to 3.3, but upon melting at 273.5 K, the number of SHBs drops suddenly to 2.3, decreasing slowly to 2.1 at 298 K and 1.6 at 400 K. The lifetime of the SHBs is 90.3 fs at 298 K, increasing monotonically for lower temperature. These SHBs connect to form multibranched polymer chains (151 H2O per chain at 298 K), where branch points have 3 SHBs and termination points have 1 SHB. This dynamic fluctuating branched polymer view of water provides a dramatically modified paradigm for understanding the properties of water. It may explain the 20-nm angular correlation lengths at 298 K and the critical point at 227 K in supercooled water. Indeed, the 15% jump in the SHB lifetime at 227 K suggests that the supercooled critical point may correspond to a phase transition temperature of the dynamic polymer structure. This paradigm for water could have a significant impact on the properties for protein, DNA, and other materials in aqueous media.

    What are Eco-Friendly Inks?
    As we all become more eco-conscious, selecting paper that’s made with the earth in mind is a more important consideration than ever. Mohawk Renewal’s line made with hemp, straw and recycled cotton fibers is a logical choice when it comes to paper. But did you know that you can do more with your materials to tell your story and be a steward to our planet? Say hello to eco-friendly inks.

    Worldwide, 9 billion pounds of printing inks are used every year. While there are alternatives to the approximately 1.8 billion pounds of petroleum-based pigment contained in all that ink, each comes with its own challenges — especially when it comes to satisfying customers’ print needs on press. Here’s what you need to know about alternative eco-inks.

    Vegetable-based inks, which forego petroleum oil in favor of more sustainable sources like soy, linseed, tung, cottonseed, and china wood oils, have been around for decades. In fact, they were invented in response to an oil crisis in the early 1970’s—suddenly, petroleum was in short supply, and ink manufacturers had to get creative.

    While vegetable inks, including the most popular variety, soy ink, avoid the environmental pitfalls of using the earth’s limited supply of petroleum as an ingredient, they require special knowledge and treatment on press. For example, they often take longer to dry than traditional inks, and they can translate into slightly different shades than their conventional counterparts.

    However, the benefits are enormous. Like, when the Los Angeles Times switched to soy ink from the petroleum variety they were using, they won an air quality award for reducing their VOC emissions by 200 tons per year.

    It’s important to note that while vegetable inks are a step in the right direction, some do still contain petroleum, depending on their formulation. Some may also contain heavy metals. You can ask your printer to help source vegetable-only inks and inks without heavy metals, if that’s what you prefer.